What Works Proposal Writing Tips for Small, Emerging, and Minority-Owned Businesses

What Works Proposal Writing Tips for Small, Emerging, and Minority-Owned Businesses

When it comes to doing business with the Federal Government, small, emerging, and Minority-owned enterprises often face unique challenges. Yet, despite these challenges, there lies an immense opportunity that we want to highlight here at the MBDA Federal Procurement Center. Under Executive Order 13985, The Federal Government aims to award at least 12% of all Federal contracting dollars to small, emerging, and Minority-owned businesses on or before the end of the Fiscal Year which ends on Midnight, September 30, 2023. One of the critical aspects of tapping into this potential is the art and science of proposal writing.

The Art of Successful Proposal Writing

Writing a proposal is an art. It requires the ability to persuasively communicate how your business is uniquely equipped to provide a solution to a particular problem or need. Your proposal must paint a vivid picture of your project plan, clearly illustrating your understanding of the project, the team's skills, and how you plan to achieve the project's objectives within the specified timeline and budget.

The Science of Successful Proposal Writing

On the other hand, successful proposal writing is also a science. It requires a systematic approach, an understanding of the requirements set out in the Request for Proposal (RFP), and the ability to align your proposal with these requirements. Your proposal needs to speak the language of the Federal Government, demonstrating your understanding of the relevant laws, regulations, and the procurement process.

The Importance for Small, Emerging, and Minority-Owned Businesses

For Minority-owned businesses, mastering successful proposal writing is particularly important. Effective proposals can help overcome barriers to entry and stand up to competition with larger, more established players in the Federal marketplace. Especially in the era of Executive Order 13985.

A well-written proposal does more than just check boxes; it tells a story about your business, your business' capabilities, and your unique perspectives and advantages. A successfully written proposal positions your business as a valuable partner to the Federal Government, capable of delivering on contractual obligations while also contributing to diversity, equity, and inclusion objectives. We call this becoming a solution provider to the Federal Government. 

Understanding the Request for Proposal (RFP)

Reading and Interpreting the RFP

The journey to a successful proposal begins with a thorough understanding of the Request for Proposal (RFP). The RFP is a document issued by the Federal agency that outlines the specifics of what they are looking to procure. It lays out the scope of work, the technical requirements, the deliverables, the contract terms and conditions, and the criteria that will be used to evaluate proposals.

To understand the RFP, you must first read through the entire document carefully. Take note of the key details and requirements. Pay particular attention to the proposal evaluation criteria, as this section tells you exactly what the agency values most and how your proposal will be scored.

Asking Questions

If anything in the RFP is unclear or ambiguous, don't hesitate to ask for clarification. Federal agencies typically provide a point of contact for questions about the RFP and allow for Q&A for a limited period of time before the Agency can no longer communicate with firms responding to the solicitation. Remember, it's better to ask questions early in the process than to make incorrect assumptions that could negatively impact your proposal.

Tailoring Your Proposal to the RFP

Every RFP is unique, and so every proposal must be unique. Avoid the temptation to use a generic proposal template. Instead, tailor your proposal to the specific needs and requirements outlined in the RFP. Show the agency that you've taken the time to understand their needs and that you're offering a solution specifically designed to meet those needs.

This process of tailoring your proposal involves aligning your business' strengths and capabilities with the requirements and objectives of the RFP. This alignment is what makes your proposal relevant and compelling.

The Proposal Writing Process

Writing a proposal is a process that requires meticulous attention to detail and a systematic approach. Here are some key elements to consider.

The Executive Summary

Your executive summary is your first opportunity to make a positive impression. It should succinctly outline your understanding of the project, your proposed solution, your team's qualifications, and why your company is uniquely suited to fulfill the contract. Make sure your executive summary is clear, concise, and compelling, and ensure it encapsulates the key points you want the evaluators to remember about your proposal.

Understanding and Addressing the Project’s Objectives

Your proposal should demonstrate a clear understanding of the project's objectives as laid out in the RFP. Show that you understand not just what needs to be done, but why it needs to be done, and the impact it will have once the work is successfully delivered. Then, outline your proposed solution, demonstrating how it addresses these objectives effectively and efficiently. As we have said, become a "solution provider" to the Government. 

Detailed Work Plan

A robust proposal includes a comprehensive work plan, showing how you will tackle the project step by step. This includes a timeline, milestones, resource allocation, and a description of the deliverables. Your work plan should instill confidence in the evaluators that you have a well-considered strategy to deliver the project on time and within budget.

Budget Justification

One of the key elements of any proposal is the budget. You must provide a detailed budget that aligns with your work plan, justifying each cost element. Be transparent and thorough; the evaluators need to see that the budget is reasonable and that funds will be used efficiently. Each RFP will most likely be issued with its own budget template, which you must follow.

Addressing Federal Procurement Requirements

Understanding and addressing Federal procurement requirements in your proposal is critical. Here are some of the key considerations.

Federal Policies and Regulations  

Federal procurement operates under a vast array of policies and regulations. Your proposal needs to demonstrate an understanding of, and compliance with, these rules. Key among these is the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), which governs the Federal Government's purchasing process, and the specific requirements for Minority-owned businesses, such as those set out by the Small Business Administration's 8(a) Business Development Program.

Past Performance and Experience

Federal agencies always evaluate a contractor's past performance and experience when considering proposals. Include examples of relevant projects, particularly those involving Government contracts, demonstrating your capability and reliability. Use concrete metrics to highlight your successes and lessons learned.

Leveraging Small, Woman-Owned, Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned, HUBZone, and Minority-Owned Business Advantages

Being not only a small and Minority-owned business but having one or more additional ‘socio-economic’ designations brings unique advantages that can be used to set your proposal apart, with respect to preferential contracting. Determine if the RFP is ‘set-aside’ for a particular designation that your company may have.

Highlight Your Unique Perspective

Your unique cultural perspective or experiences can lead to innovative problem-solving or valuable insight into certain markets or communities. Highlight these distinctive aspects and illustrate how they can provide value to the project.

Community Impact

Consider the potential community impact of your proposed project. Federal agencies often value proposals that demonstrate broader societal benefits, such as job creation, economic stimulation, and promotion of diversity and inclusion.

Reviewing and Revising Your Proposal

After drafting your proposal, it's important to take the time to review and revise it. We strongly encourage firms to invest in an experienced and proven proposal win team. If you want the Government to invest in your business, you will want to demonstrate your own level of investment and commitment to increase your rate of success. This is a fact!


Review the proposal yourself first. Check for clarity, grammar, punctuation, and consistency. Ensure that your proposal answers all the questions posed in the RFP and meets all the stated requirements.

Conclusion and Further Resources

Writing a compelling winning proposal to the Federal Government is both an art and a science. It requires a thorough understanding of the RFP, a systematic approach to detailing your proposed solution, and the ability to articulate the unique strengths of your Minority-owned business.

The road to mastering Federal proposal writing is a journey, and continual learning is key. Consider further resources such as workshops, webinars, and coaching services offered by the MBDA Federal Procurement Center. We call these sessions – What Works Capacity Building seminars. Information and resources shared during our sessions provide invaluable insight and guidance to help you improve your proposal writing skills and increase your success in securing Federal contracts. These MBDA sponsored sessions also create networking opportunities that may lead to teaming between Minority-owned firms.

In wrapping up, remember: The path to successful Federal procurement doesn't have to be walked alone. The MBDA Federal Procurement Center is here to guide your small or emerging Minority-owned business. We offer technical assistance, guidance through the Federal contracting process, and the opportunity for your firm to engage in potential teaming collaborations with the FPC’s approximately 250 Minority Business Enterprises.

Visit www.mbdafpcenter.com and join us in "Our Team Approach To Your Success" program. Together, we'll pave your path to victory in the Federal marketplace.


Federal Policies Regulations Federal Government Minority-owned enterprises Proposal Writing Tips

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